a woman gets pregnant with an intrauterine device (IUD) in place should the IUD be removed?
When a pregnancy occurs within the uterus
and an intrauterine device (IUD) is in place the IUD will be found
between the fetal membranes and the uterus.
There is no
evidence that the presence of an IUD in the uterus during pregnancy increases
the risk of birth defects in the fetus.
is an increased risk of preterm delivery, and there is an approximately 55% chance of
miscarriage if the IUD is left in place. The risk of miscarriage is about
20% if the IUD is removed or spontaneously expelled.
Family Planning. In Stenchever MA, Droegemueller W, eds. Comprehensive Gynecology. 4th ed. St.
Louis: Mosby, 2001: 341-342