An assessment of the physical condition of an infant after birth created by
Dr. Virginia Apgar. The score is based on a combination of the heartbeat, respiration, skin color,
irritability, and muscle tone. The scores are added up to give a total score
between 0 and 10 at one minute after birth. The assessment is repeated at five
minutes after birth.
||Less than100 BPM
||Greater than 100
||Blue-gray pale all over
||Body pink. Extremities blue
gray or pale.
||Pink over entire body|
||Facial grimace, sneeze.
||Flexing of the arms and legs
||Active movement, good flexion|