Passage of blood-tinged mucus from the vagina caused by loss
of the cervical mucous plug. Bloody show often precedes the onset of labor.
Short disproportionately wide head. Brachycephaly is seen with several
disorders including Down syndrome and syndromes associated with premature
closure of the coronal suture (Apert, Crouzon, Pfeiffer, Saethre-Chotzen and Carpenters).
In a fetus a mean heart rate less than 110 beats per minute lasting for at
least two minutes. In an adult a sustained heart rate less than 60 beats per minute.
Braxton Hicks contractions
Sporadic uterine contraction that
do not increase in intensity and do not result in childbirth. Named after John Braxton Hicks a British
gynecologist who first described these contractions in 1872.
The fetus is in a sitting position with the buttocks, knees, or feet nearest
to the cervix.
Breech presentation occurs in 25 percent of pregnancies less than 28 weeks' and
1 to 3 percent of births at term. The three types of breech presentation are
frank breech (flexed at hips with extended knees-legs above buttocks), footling
breech (one or both hips extended-leg(s) extended below buttocks), and complete
breech (flexed hips and knees-no limbs extended).