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Perinatology: 

A subspecialty of obstetrics concerned with the care of the fetus and complicated, high-risk pregnancies. Perinatology is also known as maternal-fetal medicine.

In addition to four years of residency training in obstetrics and gynecology the maternal-fetal medicine subspecialist has received two to three years of education in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the mother and fetus. The maternal-fetal medicine specialist typically works in consultation with the obstetrician.

Some of the services provided by the maternal-fetal specialist include diabetes care, management of multiple gestations, level II ultrasound of the fetus, chorionic villus sampling, genetic amniocentesis, and in some centers fetal surgery or treatment.

 

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